Tuscany is a region of central Italy. Its capital, Florence, is home to some of the most famous works of Renaissance art and architecture in the world, such as Michelangelo's David, Botticelli's works at the Uffizi Gallery and the Duomo. The territory of the region is varied, and includes the rugged Apennines, the beaches of the island of Elba in the Tyrrhenian Sea, the olive groves and vineyards of Chianti.
In the ninth century BC the Etruscans settled in the region giving it the name of Tuscia. Subsequently the Romans conquered Tuscany and united it with other territories giving it the name of Etruria. In the 6th century AD Tuscany was occupied by the Lombards until 774 and then regained. Later the region was disputed between the empire and the church, and some cities tried to make themselves independent thus forming the municipalities. In 1434 the government of Florence was taken over by cosimo de Medici The doctors extended their rule over the whole region, guaranteeing a long period of prosperity. In the seventeenth century, the end of the Medici dynasty and began with the rule of the Habsburgs - Lorraine. Finally it passed temporarily under Napoleonic rule, to then enter the Kingdom of Italy in 1860.
Tuscan cuisine is mainly made up of traditional dishes and desserts that have maintained their preparation for many years. The sacredness of bread, or the importance of not throwing it away but using it even when it is stale, is witnessed by a long series of ancient recipes that are still very common: panzanella, panata, ribollita, acquacotta, pappa al tomato, fettunta, vegetable soup, farinata, black cabbage soup or Pan co 'santi. Another characteristic of Tuscan cuisine par excellence is the use of white meat and game.
Tuscany is a territory in which traditions, customs, beliefs and superstitions coexist. Very famous is the Palio of Siena (famous competition of the districts with the jockeys on horseback), up to the palio of the somari, palio of the crossbow or palio of the small boats with wheels. To follow different types of rides, historical courts, historical football (or football in costume), sacred festivals and religious festivals. Until you get to tradions related to marriage and carnival.
Tuscany is certainly one of the most important wine regions in the world. Among the Tuscan wines it is a must to mention immediately Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, mainly based on Sangiovese grapes, and on the white side the Vernaccia di San Gimignano obtained from the homonymous vine.