Liguria is a region of northern Italy that develops parallel to the Ligurian Sea, from the Balzi Rossi of Ventimiglia to Marinella di Sarzana, precisely from the Rio San Luigi on the Italian-French border to the Parmignola stream on the border with Tuscany. The Ligurian territory is almost completely mountainous and hilly: in fact it is crossed by the Ligurian Apennines from the Ligurian Alps. Traditionally and conventionally, the two mountain ranges are separated by the Bocchetta di Altare or Colle di Cadibona. There are no real plains, because the mountains degrade directly on the sea, but only on the modest coastal plains, mainly the mouth of the Magra (plain of Sarzana) and the plain of Albenga.
Liguria was the most important maritime republic since the 12th and 14th centuries. Its trade made it the richest in Europe, a position reinforced by its partnership with Spain. After the loss of its trade in the Black Sea due to the Turks, the Ligurians shift their attention to the Americas by importing silver. After the discovery of America for Liguria, a period of decline began, also due to the slow depletion of Spain's resources. He defended himself from the attacks of the French who eventually won, taking Corsica away. It was then ceded to the Savoys, who aspired to the region for its important outlet into the sea.
Ligurian cuisine includes ingredients linked both to local production (such as preboggion, a mixture of wild herbs), and to imports from areas with which the Ligurians have had frequent contacts over the centuries (such as Sardinian pecorino, one of the ingredients of pesto).
For history, roots and above all elements that compose it, we can say that the Ligurian one is the true Mediterranean cuisine. A poor cuisine, typical of country people, mountain people and sailors, made of simple, common and cheap food, which has nevertheless become expensive, sought after and full of ancient splendor.
Speaking of traditions, the Palio del Golfo is truly felt, rooted in the tradition of La Spezia which, unlike the classic palio, takes place with boats made by hand by local artisans. On the first Sunday of August, every year, the 13 towns of the city are measured in a heartfelt challenge of nautical skill. The people of this land over time have wisely fused the local folk tradition with religious rites, giving life to fascinating rituals, such as the boat procession of the Stella Maris festival, a mystery among ancient pagan and religious rites.
The sea and the landscape have always had a very important influence on viticulture and wine production in Liguria. The vineyards, exposed to the sea breeze and often cultivated in steep cliffs that slope down towards the sea, produce wines with a very personal and particular "salinity", hardly present in wines produced elsewhere. The terraces and the steep slopes, often lacking access roads, as in the area of the "Cinque Terre", have often referred to Ligurian viticulture as "heroic".