The Region of Trentino Alto Adige is set in the Alpine arc and constitutes the Italian access to Central Europe. The regional territory is dominated by the mountain; 75% of the territory extends over 1,000 meters of altitude and is dotted with hundreds of small mountain lakes.
In recent decades we have gone from a predominantly agricultural economy, which maintains its importance in the wine, fruit-growing and animal husbandry sectors, to one based above all on the tertiary sector, in which tourism is a prominent place.
Since the Middle Ages, the history of Trentino has been linked to that of the Tyrol. The valleys around the city of Trento belonged to the episcopal principality of Trento, which for eight centuries enjoyed a special autonomy within the Holy Roman Empire. In the nineteenth century, after the end of the Napoleonic period, Trentino became part of the Austrian county of Tyrol, losing its autonomy. Also for this reason, the nascent irredentist movements had strong support in the population. The great war brought the front to the Dolomites. Bloody battles and the deportation of thousands of Trentino by the Austrians were the consequences. With the Treaty of Versailles, Trentino becomes, together with Alto Adige, part of the kingdom of Italy.
The Trentino cuisine is influenced, given the numerous centuries of belonging to the Holy Roman Empire, to the County of Tyrol and to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, both from the Central European cuisine and from the particular nature linked to the historical and geographical isolation of the Alpine valleys. A unifying feature is the traditional poverty of typical dishes, and another is the presence of products and raw materials for the kitchen that characterize the territory: potatoes, apples, corn, dairy products, speck, spirits and spirits.
Even today in ancient South Tyrol, ancient customs and traditions are kept alive. Peasant uses, popular or religious, handed down for centuries and different from country to country. The religious processions are also an essential part of the South Tyrolean culture, the wood sculpture, which still today gives employment to many artisans, numerous Easter customs or curious traditions such as the raising and defense of the "Kirchtagmichl", a straw puppet fixed on top to a pole, which you might happen to meet during your holidays in South Tyrol.
In Trentino, we have three indigenous black grape varieties of reference, the Marzemino in the area south of Trento (Isera and Seresi) the Teroldego in the Rotaliana plain north of Trento and the Schiava (in the Schiava grigio, Schiava grossa and Schiava gentile variants) ), higher up on the provincial borders with South Tyrol. In South Tyrol, among the indigenous black-grape varieties we find the Schiava (Vernatsch), but also the Lagrein in Trentino. Among the internationals stands out the Pinot Noir, which found in the area of Egna-Ora one of the territories most suited to it.