Umbria is a region of central Italy and, located in the heart of the peninsula, is the only region not located on the political or maritime borders of the Italian state. The region offers a wide variety of geomorphological and landscape features through the succession of valleys, mountain ranges, plateaus and plains, which constitute the dominant geographical feature. The territory is mainly hilly and mountainous.
The varied regional territory is dotted with cities and settlements rich in history and traditions. The region, inhabited already in proto-historic times by the Umbrians and the Etruscans, was then at the center of the Regio VI Umbria et ager Gallicus of the Roman Empire. With much of its territory included for centuries in the Duchy of Spoleto in the south, in the Byzantine Empire in the center and in the Duchy of Tuscia in the north during the Lombard Kingdom in Italy, its territory after several centuries of struggle became part of the State Papal.
Umbrian cuisine, whose roots go back to the Umbrian and Roman civilizations, is based on a long tradition, with dishes that are not always poor or popular, but with frequent use of legumes and cereals. Little influenced by the neighboring regions, it is essentially based on meat and products of the earth, which are used both on important occasions and in the daily meal. It is a simple kitchen, with processes that are generally not too elaborate, which clearly enhance the flavors of the raw materials.
A fundamental aspect of the sense of identity and belonging that animates the local culture of Umbria is given by the events endowed with a good level of spectacularity, more or less known and important, but however characterized by a precise orientation towards a traditional past. Some of these manifestations are historical re-enactments and want to attract the attention and curiosity of tourists, but they also exhibit strong elements of involvement on the part of the popular classes. Others, on the other hand, are real folkloristic events that have been handed down for centuries, so much so that one of them, certainly the most important, the Festa dei Ceri, is also the symbol of the Umbria region.
As far as viticulture is concerned, Umbria has a high ratio between vineyard surface and total available area. The predominantly hilly morphology makes Umbria a region particularly suited for grapevines and wine. It is in fact characterized by average yields per hectare rather low, one of the prerequisites for the production of quality wine.