Friuli Venezia Giulia is a region in the north-east of Italy that overlooks the Adriatic Sea and borders with Austria and Slovenia. The region is home to the peaks of the Dolomites and the famous vineyards for white wines. Trieste, the capital, belonged in the past to the Austro-Hungarian Empire of the nineteenth century.
The name Friuli is of Roman origin and derives from the town of Forum Iulii (now Cividale del Friuli) founded by Julius Caesar around the middle of the 1st century BC and became, after the destruction of Aquileia by the Huns in 452 AD, the capital of the region Venetia et Histria, in a more secluded but safer piedmont location. With the barbarian invasions the name, contracted in its present form, was extended to the whole surrounding region on which the city exercised its jurisdiction, which became the first duchy, then the brand and finally the county of Friuli. Even the name Venezia Giulia refers to the Roman tradition of Venetia et Histria and the Alpes Iuliae, recalling the substratum of the Venetians and the exploits of Julius Caesar and Caesar Octavian Augustus, both from Gens Iulia. It was proposed in 1863 by the Gorizia glottologist Graziadio Ascoli.
Friuli cuisine is affected by the morphology of the region that goes from the sea to the mountains, the diversity of cultures and populations that have inhabited it, contributing substantially to a differentiation of culinary traditions. It is a predominantly earthy cuisine, with incursions into the sea cuisine on the Adriatic coast, and also some peculiarities, such as boreto alla graisana, (Grado soup), a fish soup without tomato and with a predominance of turbot. The typical dishes are frico (probably the etymology is "fritto") in the two versions with potatoes and crunchy, the brovada and the musetto, the cjarsons, the blecs and the corn polenta, the gubana.
The traditions are certainly not lacking in the Friuli region. In October, in Venzone, the Festa della Zucca is held, during which the historic center of the city goes back to the Middle Ages, with musicians, jugglers, ladies and knights who walk the streets. On the first Sunday of July, a procession of historic boats is held in Grado, which are decorated with garlands and wreaths, called the Perdon di Barbana.
An interesting historical reconstruction, this time relating to the Roman period, is the one held in Aquileia, where the habits, customs and customs of the imperial era will be repeated.
Friuli Venezia Giulia has always been the land of great white wines. The fame of these wines, although with very different styles and expressions, has reached such levels as to push someone to call them "superwhites". Next to the grapes of international vines, which here have in many cases found ideal production areas, equally important is the presence of native vines that with their wines characterize the enology of the region.