Piedmont is a region of Northern Italy situated at the foot of the Alps. It is known for its fine cuisine and wines, such as Barolo. The capital is Turin, which offers numerous examples of Baroque architecture and houses the famous Mole Antonelliana, with its tall spire. The Turin Automobile Museum is dedicated to the city's main industrial activity, while the Egyptian Museum exhibits archaeological and anthropological collections.
The history of Piedmont includes a series of events that involve the region from the Paleolithic to today. A notable influence received from neighboring countries: the strategic position at the foot of the Alps made it coveted by many powers (such as France) as an access point for Italy.
However, it was the Savoys who dominated Piedmont from the sixteenth century: from when Emanuele Filiberto I of Savoy moved the capital from Chambéry to Turin, the dynasty took over the reins of Piedmontese history while maintaining dominion over the duchy first and then over the kingdom until unity of Italy.
The Piedmontese cuisine was formed, for the most part, by the meeting of two culinary arts: the noble one of the Savoy court and the one born from peasant traditions. From the first derive the dishes that laden the luxurious tables of the Savoyard court such as zabaglione, chocolate, mixed boiled meat and Piedmontese mixed fry. From the second, instead, the recipes made with more humble ingredients such as bagna caoda, panissa, finanziera and more. Cold cuts, dairy products together with local excellences such as truffles and wines mainly make Piedmontese culinary art.
The Carnival is distinctly folkloric, a celebration that testifies to the strong bond with the local history that characterizes the whole of Piedmont. Other popular games, such as "il bacio della castellana", "the assault on the tower" and "the race of the blowgun" also tell the deep link with tradition. Characteristics of the territory are also the historical re-enactments: in Novara for example the homonymous battle is celebrated thanks to which, in 1849, the Italians won the First War of Independence.
Piedmont is a wine country par excellence: 45,000 hectares of vineyard, all situated in the hills and even in the alpine and pre-Alpine areas, where direct and manual work by man is predominant and low yields per hectare are pursued, precisely to enhance the quality.