Located in southern Italy, the territory of Basilicata (also known as Lucania) is predominantly mountainous and hilly, with a modest flat percentage and two stretches bathed respectively by the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Ionian Sea. It has a single large plain: the Plain of Metaponto. The massifs of Pollino and Sirino, Monte Alpi, Monte Raparo and the Maddalena mountain range are the major reliefs of the Lucanian Apennines. In the north-western area of the region there is an inactive volcano, Mount Vulture.
The history of Basilicata takes place starting from the first human visits in the Paleolithic and the development of the indigenous communities, passing through the colonization of Magna Graecia, the Roman conquest, and the subsequent Byzantine, Longobard and Norman dominions, to then follow the vicissitudes of the Kingdom of Naples and finally the Kingdom of Italy and the Italian Republic.
Historically speaking, the cultivation of cereals has always been a staple of the local economy, therefore it is not surprising the richness of the offer of pasta, cavatelli, fusilli, maccheroni, strascinati, manate, orecchiette, capunti or cavatelli, and desserts , panzerotti, focaccia, taralli, cicirata; as well as stuffed pastas, such as the local version of the calzone or strazzata, a typical focaccia from the Avigliano area. Not to mention the famous Matera bread, made from durum wheat semolina. The region is very much affected by its proximity to the regions of Calabria and Puglia: if with Calabria, a western neighbor, one shares a passion for chillies, with Puglia in the east conversing as to the production of cheeses. Among the best known, pecorino di Filiano, canestrano from Moliterno, caciocavallo podolico, from whose processing we also obtain manteca, and cacioricotta; there is no lack of ricottas, the strong and the salty ones, and the mozzarella; and then goats such as paddraccio, scamorze and tome.
Traditions such as arboreal rites, which celebrate the regeneration of nature and fertility, as well as anthropological and anthropomorphic carnivals, which refer to the profound bond between man and nature, make Basilicata a unique region, where the relationship with nature has always characterized man's life.
The grapes cultivated and the different systems of vine cultivation allow us to identify three wine-growing areas in Basilicata: the Vulture, with some branches in the Upper Bradano, the Val d'Agri and the area of Matera, with the hill slopes that slope down towards the Sea Ionian. Aglianico del Vulture is the main grape variety in Basilicata, with over 60% of the vineyard surface, which represents 90% of the production of PDO and PGI wines.