Sardinia is a large Italian island located in the Mediterranean Sea and characterized by about 2000 km of coastline, sandy beaches and a mountainous hinterland crossed by hiking trails. Its jagged landscape is dotted with thousands of nuraghi, mysterious stone ruins shaped like beehives, built in the Bronze Age.
Rich in raw materials and water, its territory has always favored the settlement and the establishment of considerable settlements. Thus it was that the island in its thousand-year history has been able to take advantage of both its insularity and its strategic position, as an essential place in the network of ancient routes. In its historical and cultural heritage there is abundant evidence of indigenous cultures but also the influences and presences of the major ancient colonial powers.
Sardinian cuisine is the expression of culinary art developed in Sardinia and is characterized by its variety, as well as by being enriched in history through contributions and contaminations from contacts and exchanges between different Mediterranean cultures. Varied and diversified, it ranges from roasted meats, to bread, cheeses, wines, to sea and land dishes, both of peasant and pastoral origin, of game, fishing and collection of wild herbs. It is considered part of the Mediterranean diet, a nutritional model proclaimed in 2010 by UNESCO as an oral and intangible heritage of humanity.
Popular traditions, in their multiform manifestations, are still deeply rooted in Sardinian culture.
The traditional dress expresses the character of a land with a millenary history and if, by now, there are few centers on the island where it is still worn daily, during the great festivals, such as that of Sant'Efisio in Cagliari or the Cavalcade of Sassari can be admired in all its variations.
Sardinia has a wealth of rather rich native grapes. In the island there is also the presence of international grapes, which are usually used in the production of wines, often in assembly to local ones. Although throughout the region many types of wines are produced, in the central and northern part of Sardinia there is a greater production of white wines, while the production of red wines is more concentrated in the southern part of the island.